Neues Bauen in Tel Aviv 1930-1939. An exhibition of the Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen Stuttgart at the Jewish Museum Vienna
In the 1930s, the largest urban ensemble of modern architecture was created in Tel Aviv. In Eretz-Israel, Europe-trained architects found an opportunity to continue developing an architecture that had been banned by the Nazi Germany. Israel, and above Tel Aviv, the "White City", are the only places where latter-day observers can experience the full richness and urban potential developed by the oft-criticized classic modernism in architecture.
The photographs by Irmel Kamp-Bandau which will be shown in this exhibition are the outcome of a research project whose objective it was to preserve and safeguard these unique architectural ensembles for posterity. The photographs document the richness and surprising diversity that the "International Style" invented in Europe has produced in Tel Aviv.
In the book "Tel Aviv - Neues Bauen 1930 - 1939" the architectural historian Winfried Nerdinger (Munich) writes:
"In the 30s Jewish architects who had immigrated from Europe in the face of fascism and racism to the then British mandate of Palestine, called Eretz-Israel by the Jewish immigrants produced the most extensive set of buildings ever erected in the spirit of Modern Architecture, and they have hitherto been largely ignored by architectural historians. It is still possible to see today, in Haifa, Jerusalem and especially in Tel Aviv, the 'White City' what diversity and possibilities there were in Neues Bauen, but also its limitations."
Some of the architects featured in the exhibition were either born in Austria or had studied at Austrian universities: Robert Hoff, Josef Neufeld, and Jacov Ornstein.
Curator: Bernhard Purin